All about lawns
Spring or autumn is the best time to tackle any lawn problems or give existing lawns a little TLC. This is because the soil is warm and there is enough rainfall to help even germination of grass seed.
A uniform green healthy lawn is something many people strive for and the secret comes down to fertilising regularly and adequately with lawn fertiliser, in conjunction with regular watering.
Established lawns should be fertilised with Daltons Premium Lawn Fertiliser at three to four weekly intervals, typically from October until Christmas (avoiding the hot summer months when lawns are stressed due to the heat), and beginning again in March until the end of April. Fertiliser lowers the PH of the soil which simply means the grass grows better than the weeds! It is absolutely critical that the lawn is well watered after each application.
Moss in lawn
This is actually a common occurrence in lawns, especially throughout the winter months. Moss in lawns is caused by a combination of excess water and poor sunlight as it can tolerate these conditions better than grass. To lessen the impact of moss, try improving the drainage in your lawn and if possible, enhance sunlight access. You can do this by; thinning out large shading trees and removing any structures or fences that are no longer required which may be shading the lawn. You can also try spreading Iron Sulphate on to the area and watering it in. This is quite a common practice to treat Moss, and it will also darken the colour of your lawn.
Sowing a new lawn?
If you are considering laying a new lawn, it’s important to choose the right grass that will suit your lawn’s function and soil type. In terms of function, consider; any pets, will children play on it, will it be used as a thoroughfare or just admired?
To create an attractive durable lawn all year round it’s a good idea to mix grass seeds, as some do well in summer and others do well in winter. Your local garden centre can give some advice on the type of grass that suits your needs, soil and climate.
Soil type also plays a major part; is it free draining or waterlogged? You may need to improve the drainage first before you begin. You can add in some Gypsum to help improve this. When mowing your lawn, it’s best to catch your clippings and remove them.
Fixing your lawn
In large areas where grass is either non-existent or poor quality; top soil should be spread and new lawn seed sown. Sprinkle the seed in an even pattern walking away from the starting point so you are not standing on the seed. Apply grass seed to the surface of the soil, do not cover with top soil as the seed is very fine and will not germinate well if covered. Grass seed should germinate (depending on soil temperatures and moisture) 7-10 days after sowing. When the newly emerged grass has reached 80mm high, the first cut can be made. With successive cuts, you can lower the mowers setting to eventually reach the grass height you desire. Always make sure your mower blades are nice and sharp to make a clean but.
If your lawn has smaller brown spots or is a bit patchy, repair the infected areas by removing grass and soil around the infected area (at least 15cm beyond it). Add Daltons Premium Lawn Patching Gold (this has everything in one bag and is very easy to use) to the area and lightly water.
Regardless of which repair you embark on, it’s essential to maintain constant soil moisture so the new seeds germinate and the lawn in general greens up and becomes healthier overall.